Tuesday, June 18th, 2013

Prevention is the Key to Dengue

Dengue, also known as break bone fever, is a mosquito-borne infection which is characterized by an abrupt onset of severe headache, muscle, joint pains, fever and rash. This flu-like illness occurs in warm and wet areas of the world, especially in the rainy season, and is caused by a group of virus which belongs to the genus flavivirus. These viruses are transmitted to humans through the bite of infected female aedes mosquitoes, a domestic, day-biting mosquito that prefers to feed on humans.
Facts:
• Aedes aegypti mosquito breeds in any storage containers having even a small quantity of water.
• It doesn’t fly high
• It’s an office time mosquito and bites during the day time.
• It generally bites on the lower elbow and lower knee areas.
• Eggs of aedes aegypti can live without water for more then one year.
Dengue fever mainly affects infants, young children and adults and its symptoms appear 3—14 days after the infective bite. If not controlled it might turn into lethal dengue hemorrhagic fever, which causes internal bleeding – from your nose, gums or under your skin. It can also become dengue shock syndrome, which causes massive bleeding and shock. These forms of dengue are life-threatening.
Warning signs
• Sudden chills and rise in the temperature
• Acute headache
• Pain behind the eyes (retro-orbital pain) which worsens with eye movement
• Muscle and joint pains
• Low backache
• Loss of appetite
• Measles-like rash over chest and upper limbs
• Nausea and vomiting
• Minor haemorrhagic manifestations like bleeding from nose or gums may occur.

Prevention

Unfortunately, there aren’t any drugs available to prevent the virus. As it’s transmitted via mosquitoes, wear a strong insect repellent containing DEET to prevent getting bitten. Avoid wearing perfume and aftershave, and dress in light colored loose clothing.

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Category: Monsoon
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