Just like dental cleanings it’s important to get your blood pressure checked. High blood pressure is a silent killer. Blood pressure is a measurement of the force applied to the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood through the body. The pressure is determined by the force and amount of blood pumped and the size and flexibility of the arteries. Blood pressure is continually changing depending on activity, temperature, diet, emotional state, posture, physical state, and medication use.
What do blood pressure numbers indicate?
Necessity of the test
Blood pressure test
Blood pressure is usually measured while you are seated with your arm resting on a table. The upper arm should be bare, with your sleeve comfortably rolled up. The test may be done at any time. There is a cuff and a device for detecting the pulse in the artery (stethoscope or microphone). You will feel the pressure of the cuff on your arm.
Blood pressure readings fall into four general categories, ranging from normal to stage 2 hypertension (high blood pressure). The readings are measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and usually given as 2 numbers, eg.120 over 80 (written as 120/80).
Conditions that can affect your blood pressure readings
Consult your doctor if your blood pressure measurements are consistently high or low.
(Inputs from—— Dr. A. K. Bali, Consultant, Internal Medicine, Moolchand Medcity.)
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