Saturday, November 7th, 2009

How Obesity Threatens Your Health

 fat man on weighing scaleWHO defines overweight and obesity as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. A crude population measure of obesity is the body mass index (BMI), a person’s weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of his or her height (in metres). A person with a BMI of 30 or more is generally considered obese. A person with a BMI equal to or more than 25 is considered overweight.

Let’s find out how top five  lifestyle ailments respond to obesity

1. Obesity and Diabetes– Obesity and diabetes are inseparable. Where obesity goes, diabetes usually follows. Apple shaped figure is something to watch out for, as this is the worst kind of obesity. “This kind of obesity can make you insulin resistant”, informs, Dr. Richa Chaturvedi, Gurgaon based endocrinologist. Ladies with a waistline of more than 80 centimeters and men with waistline of more than 95 centimeters are at increased risk for diabetes. “Once the mass of fat tissue increases in the body, it emits certain poisonous fatty acids, which put roadblocks in action of hormone insulin that metabolizes glucose. As a result, glucose levels start increasing, which in the long run results in diabetes, says Dr Anoop Mishra, Director and Head, Department of Diabetes at Fortis Hospitals.

2. Obesity and Heart health—Obesity particularly central obesity around belly along with elevated blood fats and high blood pressure is a threat to your heart health. This can cause inflammation of the arteries with increased tendency of the blood to clot which can lead to heart attack and stroke. Again, high blood pressure and obesity are also closely linked.

3. Obesity and Cancer—Research studies have found that a high BMI is linked to a significant increase in the risk of cancer for 10 out of 17 types of diseases. The bad news is that you do not need to be obese even being overweight with a BMI of 25 to 29 is dangerous. Breast cancer, which usually affects urban women more is related in some way to obesity.

4. Obesity and Arthritis—“Knee joints are the most commonly replaced joints followed by hip and shoulders,” informs Dr Harsh Vardan Hegde, senior consultant and HoD orthopaedics at Artemis Health Institute Gurgaon. Excess load on your knees can hurt it beyond repair. Actually, it’s a vicious cycle. When the weight increases more than required, your joints begin to grumble and owing to grumbling joints people get less of exercise. Hence, be sensible and manage your weight when you feel your clothes are getting a bit snug.

5. Obesity and Obstructive Sleep Apnea—Obesity is one of the aggravating factors for Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), informs Dr Sanjay Manchanda, sleep consultant at Ganga Ram Hospital. OSA is a serious sleep related breathing disorder where a person stops breathing hundreds of times in one night during sleep. The period may last for 10 seconds to more than 2 minutes at a stretch and thus could be life threatening.

In our look-obsessed times obesity is considered as a cosmetic issue, but the fact is that obesity or excessive body weight is associated with various diseases that can reduce your life span. Manage your weight before it is too late.

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Category: Weight Loss
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