Monday, February 15th, 2010

Cancer Alert

cancerHuman body is composed of cells. Each cell has its own genetic material or DNA. In a healthy body cells behave in a regular pattern for multiplication, so as to grow and repair damaged tissues and replace dying cells. If this pattern goes awry, it results in uncontrolled multiplication of cells, eventually forming a tumour.

Be Aware
In men more common forms of cancer are lung and oral and these are avoidable, because smoking and chewing tobacco is the main reason behind these. Researches say that almost 85 per cent of lung cancer is linked to smoking. The more cigarettes you smoke per day and the earlier you started smoking, the greater your risk of lung cancer. High levels of pollution, radiation and asbestos exposure may also increase the risk. There are many types of lung cancer. Each type of lung cancer grows and spreads in different ways and is treated differently. Treatment also depends on the stage, or how advanced it is. In men the risk factor for prostate cancer rises once they cross forty. Hence it is advisable to go for regular screenings.

In women breast and cervical cancer are common. Breast cancer affects usually city-bred women and has as risk factors—heredity, age, early menarche, late menopause, no children or children at a late age. Cervical cancer takes more lives than any other cancer especially in Indian women. Engaging in sexual activity at a young age is one of the factors that increases one’s risk of developing this type of cancer. The cells lining the cervix do not fully mature until the age of 18 and, therefore, are more susceptible to cancer causing-agents and viruses. More than 90% of women with cancer of the cervix are infected with the ‘Human Papilloma Virus’ (HPV), a viral infection spread through skin-to-skin sexual contact. Early cervical cancer generally produces no signs or symptoms. As the cancer progresses, these signs and symptoms may appear:
• Vaginal bleeding after intercourse, between periods or after menopause
• Watery, bloody vaginal discharge that may be heavy and have a foul odour
• Pelvic pain or pain during intercourse

Moreover, with advancing age susceptibility to cancer increases. This is true with colon cancer which doesn’t give symptoms until it’s very late. Hence it is advisable to go for regular screenings to nip the disease in the bud.

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Category: Defeat Cancer
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