Wednesday, November 9th, 2011

Nutritional Supplements for Diabetics

Vanadyl-Sulfate-Diabetes-supplements-pic1Whether nutritional supplements can play a constructive role in managing diabetes or not is worth considering, as today, most  diabetics eagerly look for alternative dietary supplements but get confused in fear of adverse affects. My Health Guardian comes with good news; recent studies across the world have shown that proper lifestyle and a regular intake of nutritional supplements such as chromium, vitamin C, etc keeps diabetes in control.

Read the article to understand better which food supplements are for diabetics and how these nutrients help you to stay fit.

Chromium makes insulin more effective, and thus helps reverse insulin resistance. Chromium levels in the body tend to decline with age, which may be one factor affecting older people’s risk of developing Type II diabetes. Dosage levels between 100-500 mcg/day have been shown to reduce blood glucose, insulin and cholesterol. Studies show no toxicity or adverse effects with high levels of chromium intake, although it can irritate the stomach at extremely high levels.

Vanadium acts similar to insulin in transporting glucose into the cells, and is therefore valuable for both Type I and Type II diabetics. Dosages ranging from 45-150 mg/day can be useful for improving fasting glucose levels (how much sugar is in the blood when one wakes up in the morning).

Magnesium acts to relax smooth muscle tissue, including those lining the arteries, and therefore helps lower blood pressure and reduces the risks of heart attacks and strokes. For people with diabetes or heart disease, the recommended daily intake level of magnesium is 1000 mg/day. However, because the actions of calcium and magnesium are so strongly connected, one needs an intake ratio of 2:1 or more—for each 1000 mg of calcium, one should also get 500-1000 mg of magnesium.

Vitamin C helps prevent “glycosylation” of proteins—meaning that sugar gets attached to proteins. These substances are associated with diabetic complications in the eyes, kidneys and circulatory system as well as with increased levels of free radicals. Vitamin C is one of the safest of all supplements even at high levels; however loose stools may occur in some individuals at dosage levels reaching 2000 mg

High levels of Vitamin E (1350 IU/day) have been shown to improve insulin sensitivity.

Biotin is crucial for the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, and is especially important for improving insulin sensitivity and the activity of glucokinase (the enzyme that starts the use of glucose by the liver). It’s proven that biotin supplementation improves blood glucose control in both Type I and Type II diabetics. It is also helpful for treating diabetic neuropathy, which is damage to the nerves in the feet that causes numbness, burning sensations, and pain. A recommended dosage level for diabetics is 9 mg/day.

Omega 3 fatty acids are exactly what our cell walls need to transmit glucose and increase energy levels. However, as the body cannot make omega-3 fatty acids so it must be taken from dietary source like fatty fish (such as salmon, mackerel, sardines, herring, tuna), flaxseed, evening primrose, borage, walnuts and wheat germ. A recommended intake level of flaxseed oil is 1-2 tablespoons/day (or 1/4 cup freshly ground flaxseed). A recommended level of fish oil intake is two 1000 mg capsules per day (containing 360 mg of EPA).

Alpha-Lipoic Acid improves insulin sensitivity. Dosage levels of 600-1800 mg/day have been shown to improve the transport of glucose into cells by as much as 63%. Lipoic acid is also useful for improving circulation and reducing glycosylation of proteins.

Zinc (30-45 mg/daily) and Vanadyl Sulfate (10-100 mg/daily) improves insulin action.

But, before you start your diabetes nutritional supplement program, be sure to consult with your physician. As the need to supplement may vary according to your glucose levels and other health conditions.

Priya Singh

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